Mendefinisikan Ulang Terminologi Anatomi

Featured Image Terminologi Anatomi

Anatomi selalu menjadi ilmu yang sangat menarik. Ilmu anatomi merupakan ilmu mayor. Tanpa pengetahuan anatomi tubuh manusia yang baik akan sangat sulit untuk memahami ilmu kedokteran secara menyeluruh. Suatu artikel menarik dipublikasikan melalui situs Life in The Fastlane. Situs tersebut merupakan salah satu situs yang memberikan Free Online Access Medicine, akses gratis ilmu kedokteran.  Artikel tersebut berjudul De-eponymising anatomical terminology yang ditulis oleh Dr Robert Buttner, Dr Jessica Lee dan Dr Mike Cadogan. Pada dasarnya tulisan ketiganya berusaha untuk mendefinisikan ulang terminologi anatomi terutama istilah-istilah eponim.

anatomi tubuh manusia

anatomi tubuh manusia (sumber: pixabay.com)

Kami berusaha menerjemahkan artikel tersebut berdasarkan lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License yang tertera pada situs lift.com.

 

Penulis artikel sendiri telah meninjau lebih dari 700 eponim anatomi dan histologis (non-patologis) dan mengembangkan basis data yang dapat ditelusuri pada Terminologia Anatomica (TA2) tahun 2019 yang diterbitkan oleh Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT).

 

Penulis juga menyoroti sejumlah kecil inkonsistensi, kebingungan, ketidaktepatan, dan masalah terkait penggunaan eponim anatomi dalam bahasa medis modern.

 

Penulis artikel tersebut beranggapan bahwa pada sebagian besar kasus, istilah atau terminologi yang diakui secara internasional, berorientasi non-orang, dan istilah resmi dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan eponim tanpa merusak konteks atau pendidikan.

 

Lalu, apa latar belakang Dr Robert Buttner, Dr Jessica Lee dan Dr Mike Cadogan menulis artikel tersebut?

 

Latar Belakang Mendefinisikan Ulang Terminologi Anatomi

Ilustrasi mempertanyakan terminologi anatomi

Ilustrasi mempertanyakan terminologi anatomi (Sumber: pixabay.com)

Penggunaan Eponim di bidang kedokteran merupakan suatu hal yang sangat umum. Meskipun demikian, terdapat perdebatan terkait keakuratan, efektivitas, dan kesesuaian budaya penggunaan eponim dalam terminologi anatomi.

 

Mayoritas eponim memiliki terminologi modern yang disetujui dan diterima. Namun, masih banyak dokter yang terus menggunakan dan mengajarkan istilah eponim dalam praktik sehari-hari.

 

Sebelum membahas lebih jauh terkait eponim dalam terminologi anatomi ada baiknya kita terlebih dahulu mengenal apa yang dimaksud dengan eponim.

 

Apa yang dimaksud dengan Eponim?

Eponim merupakan suatu istilah atau terminologi dalam bidang kedokteran yang menggunakan nama seseorang. Misalnya, penggunaan nama Colles untuk mendefinisikan patah tulang radius 1/3 distal disertai dislokasi tulang ulna. Fraktur Colles demikian eponim untuk mengistilahkan kondisi tersebut.

 

Sejarah Penggunaan Eponim

German language anatomical society (Atomische Gesellschaft) merupakan organisasi pertama yang berusaha menyelesaikan masalah penamaan dalam struktur anatomi tubuh manusia sejak tahun 1887.

 

Wilhelm His et al mendefinisikan aturan pertama dari Anatomy Club, bahwa setiap struktur anatomi hanya boleh memiliki satu nama.

Kutipan aturan Wilhelm His et al tersebut adalah sebagai berikut:

“Setiap bagian yang akan dinamai hanya memiliki satu nama. Nama-nama harus benar dalam bahasa Latin dan linguistik. Nama tersebut harus sesingkat mungkin dan sesederhana mungkin. Nama-nama tersebut dimaksudkan sebagai pengingat belaka dan bukan untuk mengklaim deskripsi atau interpretasi spekulatif. Nama-nama yang tergabung bersama harus dikomposisikan semirip mungkin (mis. Femur, arteri femoralis, vena femoralis, nervus femoralis).”

– His W. Nomina anatomica. 1895: 16

 

Edisi pertama Nomina Anatomica (1895) memiliki 200 struktur anatomi tubuh manusia dengan lebih satu nama. Pada edisi pertama tersebut juga telah dikenal 165 istilah eponim untuk terminologi anatomi.

 

Jumlah terminologi anatomi yang melanggar aturan bahwa setiap struktur hanya boleh memiliki satu nama semakin bertambah pada Nomina Anatomica edisi berikutnya.

 

Nomina Anatomica marupakan pedoman internasional tentang terminologi anatomi manusia. Namun, penggunaannya telah digantikan oleh Terminologia Anatomica pada tahun 1998.

 

Hingga akhir abad kesembilan belas sekitar 30.000 istilah anatomi telah digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan setiap sudut bagian tubuh.

 

Selama abad terakhir penggunaan nama pribadi atau tokoh tertentu dalam istilah anatomi telah menjadi perdebatan.

 

Eponim secara umum mungkin harus dilarang penggunaannya, tetapi dapat ditoleransi bila diperlukan. Toleransi yang sering ditemukan adalah menambahkan nama pribadi atau tokoh  ke dalam istilah latin resmi misalnya Calot’s triangle untuk struktur Trigonum cystohepaticum [Trigonum Caloti].

 

FIPAT pada tahun 2015 menetapkan bahwa istilah latin (istilah resmi) untuk terminologi anatomi memiliki sinonim atau istilah terkait. Selain itu, FIPAT juga menetapkan bahwa istilah dalam bahasa lain diklasifikasikan istilah yang setara atau sinonim atau istilah terkait.

 

Dalam Terminologica Anatomica (TA2) edisi 2019; Terminologica Neuroanatomica (TNA); dan Terminologica Emryologica (TE2) Eponim terdaftar sebagai ‘istilah terkait’. Hal ini menggerakkan International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) selangkah lebih dekat dengan konsensus dan de-eponimifikasi global.

 

Hal tersebut yang menjadi dasar Dr Robert Buttner, Dr Jessica Lee dan Dr Mike Cadogan menulis artikel yang merupakan hasil penelitian dengan meninjau deskripsi terminologi anatomi, histologi, dan embriologi dari buku ajar atau sumber online.

 

Mari kita lihat apa yang Dr Robert Buttner, Dr Jessica Lee dan Dr Mike Cadogan terkait terminologi anatomi.

 

Hasil Temuan terkait Eponim Anatomi

Dr Robert Buttner, Dr Jessica Lee dan Dr Mike Cadogan berhasil mengidentifikasi 700 istilah eponim anatomi non patologis yang dikaitkat dengan 432 eponim yang berbeda. Temuan tersebut antara lain:

  • 424 Eponim merupakan dokter pria
  • 8 Eponim merupakan dokter wanita termasuk 5 dewa, seorang raja, seorang pahlawan, dan seorang wanita.
  • 30 kebangsaan terwakili. Namun, 57% eponim berasal hanya dari 3 negara (Jerman, Prancis, dan Italia)
  • Tanggal rata-rata terminologi anatomi dari tokoh adalah tahun 1847 dengan 51% dokter yang namanya digunakan sebagai eponim lahir antara tahun 1800 hingga 1875
  • 117 tokoh dikaitkan dengan lebih dari 1 eponim. Tokoh yang paling sering digunakan dalam terminologi anatomi antara lain (7% dari total eponim)
    • Morgagni (15 istilah)
    • Santori (10 istilah)
    • Haller (9 istilah)
    • Golgi (8 istilah)
    • Jacobson (8 istilah)

 

Kenapa Eponim Malah Menyulitkan?

Penulis artikel ini merekomendasikan penghapusan eponim untuk terminologi anatomi. Hal ini didasarkan pada terdapat inkonsistensi, kebingungan, ketidaktepatan, dan masalah yang berkaitan dengan eponim anatomi dalam istilah kedokteran modern.

 

Penulis juga coba memaparkan apa saja yang menjadi dasar mereka mengambil rekomendasi bahwa eponim anatomi harus dihapuskan.

 

Eponim Menyebabkan Polisemi Terminologi Anatomi

Polisemi merupakan bentuk kata atau istilah yang bermakna lebih dari satu. Eponim sering memasukkan istilah kedokteran secara kacau. Kondisi ini menyebabkan pelanggaran aturan terminologi anatomi bahwa setiap nama struktur haru unik.

 

Penulis menemukan bahwa beberapa istilah anatomi yang berbeda merujuk kepada 1 eponim tunggal (polisemi), contohnya:

  • Otot Müller dalam TA2 digunakan untuk menyebutkan Fibrae circulares (ciliary circular fibres); Musculus orbitalis (orbitalis muscle); dan Musculus tarsalis superior (superior tarsal muscle).
  • Nodul semilunar katup aorta memiliki sinonim eponim dengan bodies of Arantius, nodules of Morgagni, dan nodules of Valsalva.

 

Masalah lainnnya adalah eponim dapat berbeda pada satu negara dengan negara lainnya, contohnya:

  • Ligamentum iliofemorale (ligamentum iliofemoral) dikenal sebagai ligamentum Bertin dalam bahasa Prancis dan ligamentum Bigelow dalam bahasa Inggris.
  • Demikian pula nodus inguinalis profundus proximalis (kelenjar getah bening inguinalis dalam proksimal) disebut sebagai ganglion/simpul Cloquet dalam bahasa Prancis dan Inggris dan Rosenmüller-Lymphknoten dalam bahasa Jerman.

 

Kebingungan karena Eponim

Pada tahun 1990 Mireille Cavalerie memperkenalkan istilah Éponymes confusionnants berkaitan dengan kebingungan eponim yang berkaitan dengan organ simetris yang berbagi fungsi yang sama. Misalnya, saluran Stensen dan Wharton sama-sama tidak memiliki petunjuk untuk menunjukkan mana di antara mereka yang termasuk kelenjar parotis dan yang ke kelenjar submandibular.

 

Eponim Hantu pada Terminologi Anatomi

Orly (2014) menciptakan istilah “hantu bibliografi” sehubungan dengan publikasi eponim yang, meskipun disebutkan oleh para sejarawan, tampaknya tidak pernah ada.

 

Beberapa istilah eponim merujuk pada dokter terkemuka tanpa bukti rekaman deskripsi atau penemuan. Contohnya, tuberculum dorsalis radius, eponim diingat sebagai tuberkulum Lister yang berasal dari nama ahli bedah Inggris Sir Joseph Lister (1827–1912), meskipun tidak ada bukti yang pernah ia gambarkan.

 

Melalui ulasan ini, penulis telah menyoroti masalah lain, “hantu biografis”. Deskripsi istilah eponim mengutip publikasi nyata, namun ada sedikit atau tidak ada informasi biografis tentang penulis. Sebagai contoh:

  • EHRENRITTER, Johann (- | -); Ganglion of Ehrenritter (1790)
  • GANTZER, Karl Friedrich Ludwig (- | -); Otot Gantzer (1813)
  • LECOMTE, Onésime (- | -); Pronator ulna Lecomte (1863)
  • NITABUCH, Raissa (1854 | -); Membran Nitabuch (1877)
  • ROLLER, Christian Friedrich Wilhelm (1802–1878 atau 1844-1884); Inti roller (1881)
  • SCHÜTZ, Hugo (- | -); Fasciculus of Schütz (1891)
  • BERNASCONI, V (- | -); arteri Bernasconi dan Cassinari (1957)

 

Nama mereka digunakan sebagai eponim tanpa rujukan bahwa tokoh-tokoh tersebut di atas pernah menerbitkan publikasi terkait hal tersebut.

 

Tabel Terminologi Anatomi Berdasarkan Dekonstruksi Eponim

EponimBahasa LatinBahasa InggrisTokoh
Abernethy's fasciaFascia iliacaIliac fasciaABERNETHY, John
Achilles tendonTendo calcaneusCalcaneal tendonACHILLES
Adam's appleProminentia laryngeaLaryngeal prominenceADAM
Addison's planePlanum transpyloricumTranspyloric planeADDISON, Christopher
Albarrán's glandLobus medius prostataeMiddle lobe of prostateALBARRÁN, Joaquín
Alcock's canalCanalis pudendalisPudendal canalALCOCK, Benjamin
Ammon's hornCornu ammonisHippocampus properAMUN
Ampulla of VaterAmpulla hepatopancreaticaHepatopancreatic ampullaVATER, Abraham
Anastomosis of OortRamus communicans cochlearis nervi vestibularisCochlear communicating branch of vestibular nerveOORT, Henricus
Angle of HisIncisura cardialisCardiac notchHIS, Wilhelm Sr
Angle of LouisAngulus sterniSternal angleLOUIS, Pierre Charles Alexandre
Angular nucleus of BechterewNucleus vestibularis superiorSuperior vestibular nucleusBEKHTEREV, Vladimir Michalovich von
Ansa of VieussensAnsa subclaviaAnsa subclaviade VIEUSSENS, Raymond
Antrum of HighmoreSinus maxillarisMaxillary sinusHIGHMORE, Nathaniel
Antrum of HighmoreSinus maxillaeSinus of maxillaHIGHMORE, Nathaniel
Anulus of ZinnAnulus tendineus communis [orbitae]Common tendinous ringZINN, Johann Gottfried
Appendix of MorgagniAppendix testisAppendix of testesMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Aqueduct of SylviusAquaeductus mesencephaliAqueduct of midbrainSYLVIUS, Franciscus
Arcade of RiolanArteria anastomotica intercolicaIntercolic anastomotic arteryRIOLAN, Jean II
Arched testicular artery of LuschkaInferior curvata in gonadalArched gonadal arteryLUSCHKA, Hubert
area of WernickePosterior part of the superior temporal gyrusWERNICKE, Karl
Arnold's ganglionGanglion oticumOtic ganglionARNOLD, Friedrich
Arnold's nerveNervus occipitalis majorGreater occipital nerveARNOLD, Friedrich
Artery of AdamkiewiczArteria radicularis magnaGreat radicular arteryADAMKIEWICZ, Albert Wojciech
artery of Bernasconi and CassinariRamus marginalis tentoriiMarginal tentorial arteryBERNASCONI, V
artery of Bernasconi and CassinariRamus marginalis tentoriiMarginal tentorial arteryCASSINARI, Valentino
Artery of CharcotArteriae centrales anterolateralesAnterolateral central arteriesCHARCOT, Jean-Martin
Aschoff-Tawara nodeNodus atrioventricularisAtrioventricular (AV) nodeASCHOFF, Carl Albert Ludwig
AtlasVertebra cervicalis IVertebra C1ATLAS
Auerbach's plexusPlexus myentericusMyenteric plexusAUERBACH, Leopold
Bachmann's bundleFasciculus interatrialisInteratrial bandBACHMANN, Jean George
Baillarger's external bandStria laminae granularis internaeinternal pyramidal layer (layer V) of cerebral cortexBAILLARGER, Jules François Gabriel
Baillarger's internal bandStria laminae pyramidalis internae [V]internal granular layer (layer IV) of cerebral cortexBAILLARGER, Jules François Gabriel
Ball's valvesValvulae analesAnal valvesBALL, Charles Bent
Band of GennariStria occipitalisOccipital stripeGENNARI, Francesco
Band of GiacominiLimbus fasciae dentataeBand of dentate gyrusGIACOMINI, Carlo
Bandelette of MaissiatTractus iliotibialisIliotibial bandMAISSIAT, Jacques Henri
Barrington's nucleusCentrum micturitionisPontine micturition centreBARRINGTON, Frederick James Fitzmaurice
Bartholin's ductDuctus sublingualis majorMajor sublingual ductBARTHOLIN, Caspar
Bartholin's glandGlandula vestibularis majorGreater vestibular glandsBARTHOLIN, Caspar
Batson's plexusPlexus venosi vertebrales externiExternal vertebral venous plexusesBATSON, Osca Vivian
Bauhin glandGlandula lingualis anteriorAnterior lingual glandBAUHIN, Gaspard
Bauhin valveOstium ilealeIleal orificeBAUHIN, Gaspard
Bechterew's bundleTractus spinoolivarisSpino-olivary tractBEKHTEREV, Vladimir Michalovich von
Bell’s external respiratory nerveNervus thoracicus longusLong thoracic nerveBELL, Charles
Bell’s internal respiratory nerveNervus phrenicusPhrenic nerveBELL, Charles
Bergmann fibreProcessus radians astrocyti epithelialis cerebelliRadial fibre of cerebellar astrocyteBERGMANN, Gottlieb Heinrich
Bergmann gliaAstrocytus radians cerebelliRadial astrocyte of cerebellumBERGMANN, Gottlieb Heinrich
Berry's ligamentLigamentum suspensorium glandulae thyreoideaeSuspensory ligament of thyroid glandBERRY, James
Bertin's boneConcha sphenoidalisSphenoidal conchaBERTIN, Exupère Joseph
Bertin's columnsColumnae renalesRenal columnsBERTIN, Exupère Joseph
Betz cellNeuron pyramidale giganteum (isocorticis)Giant pyramidal cells (neurons) located within the fifth layer of the grey matter in the primary motor cortexBETZ, Vladimir Alexandrowitsch
Bichat fat padCorpus adiposum buccaeBuccal fat padBICHAT, Xavier
Bigelow's ligamentLigamentum iliofemoraleIliofemoral ligamentBIGELOW, Henry Jacob
Bindearm of BurdachBrachium conjunctivumBrachium conjunctivum (of superior cerebellar peduncle)BURDACH, Karl Friedrich
Biondi bodyPsammomaInclusion body (of pia mater)BIONDI, Adolfo
Birbeck granuleVesicula lageniformis striata (dendrocyti)Organelles of dendritic skin cellsBIRBECK, Michael
Blandin glandGlandulae lingualesLingual glandBLANDIN, Philippe Frédéric
Bloodless fold of TrevesPlica ileocaecalisIleocaecal fold (of peritoneum)TREVES, Frederick
Bochdalek's (flower) basketProtrusion of the choroid plexus through the foramina of LuschkaBOCHDALEK, Vincent Alexander
Bochdalek's triangle (gap)Trigonum lumbocostaleLumbocostal triangleBOCHDALEK, Vincent Alexander
bodies (nodules) of ArantiusNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae trunci pulmonalisNodules of semilunar leaflets of pulmonary valveARANTIUS, Julius Caesar
bodies of ArantiusNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae aortaeNodules of semilunar leaflets (cusps) of aortic valveARANTIUS, Julius Caesar
Bodies of ZuckerkandlGlomus paraaorticum abdominalePara-aortic paragangliaZUCKERKANDL, Emil
Body of HighmoreMediastinum testisMediastinum of testisHIGHMORE, Nathaniel
Boettcher cellEpitheliozytus glandularis externus basalisBasal external glandular cell (basilar membrane of the cochlea)BÖTTCHER, Arthur
Botallo's ductductus arteriosusductus arteriosusBOTALLO, Leonardo
Botallo's foramenForamen ovale cordisForamen ovale of heartBOTALLO, Leonardo
Botallo's ligamentLigamentum arteriosumLigamentum arteriosumBOTALLO, Leonardo
Botallo's nodeNodus ligamenti arteriosiNode of ligamentum arteriosumBOTALLO, Leonardo
Bourgery's ligamentLigamentum popliteum obliquumOblique popliteal ligamentBOURGERY, Marc Jean
Bowman capsuleCapsula glomerularisGlomerular capsuleBOWMAN, William
Bowman's glandsGlandulae olfactoriaeOlfactory glandsBOWMAN, William
Bowman's membrane (layer)Lamina limitans anterior corneaeAnterior limiting lamina, anterior elastic laminaBOWMAN, William
Boyd's veinVena perforansPerforating veinBOYD, Alexander Michael
Boyer's bursaBursa retrohyoideaRetrohyoid bursaBOYER, Alexis
Branch of ArnoldRamus auricularis nervi vagiAuricular branch of vagus nerveARNOLD, Friedrich
Branch of CruveilhierRamus lingualis nervi facialisLingual branch of facial nerveCRUVEILHIER, Jean Cruveilhier
Breschet's canalsCanales diploiciDiploic canalsBRESCHET, Gilbert
Breschet's veinsVenae diploicaeDiploic veinsBRESCHET, Gilbert
Broca's areaGyrus triangularisPars triangularis and pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrusBROCA, Pierre Paul
Broca's diagonal bandStria diagonalisDiagonal bandBROCA, Pierre Paul
Brodie's bursaBursa musculi semimembranosiSemimembranosus bursaBRODIE, Benjamin Collins
Brodmann areaPars opercularisOpercular part of inferior frontal gyrusBRODMANN, Korbinian
Bruch's membraneLamina basalis choroideaeBasal complex of choroidBRUCH, Karl Wilhelm Ludwig
Brunner's glandsGlandulae duodenalesSubmucosal glands of the duodenumBRUNNER, Johann Konrad
Brödel's lineAvascular plane of Brodel of the renal parenchymaBRÖDEL, Max
Brücke's muscleFibrae meridionales musculi ciliarisMeridional fibresBRÜCKE, Ernst Wilhelm Ritter von
Buadelocque's diameterConjugata externaExternal conjugateBAUDELOCQUE, Jean-Louis
Buck's fasciaFascia penisDeep fascia of penisBUCK, Gordon
Buck's fasciaFascia perineiPerineal fasciaBUCK, Gordon
Budge's centreCentrum ciliospinaleCiliospinal centreBUDGE, Ludwig Julius
Bundle of HeldTractus tectospinalisSpinotectal tractHELD, Hans
Bundle of HisFasciculus atrioventricularisAtrioventricular bundleHIS, Wilhelm Jr
Bundle of LoewyPedunculus flocculiPeduncle of flocculusLOEWY, Arthur DeCosta
Bundle of MuratovFasciculus subcallosusSubcallosal bundleMURATOV, Vladimir Aleksandrovich
Bundle of RasmussenTractus olivocochlearisOlivocochlear tractRASMUSSEN, Grant
Bundle of TürckFibrae temporopontinae (capsulae internae)Temporopontine fibresTÜRCK, Ludwig
Burdach's nucleusNucleus cuneatusCuneate nucleusBURDACH, Karl Friedrich
Burdach's tractFasciculus cuneatusCuneate fasciculusBURDACH, Karl Friedrich
Burns ligamentMargo falciformis hiatus sapheniFalciform margin of saphenous hiatusBURNS, Allan
Burow's veinsVenae paraumbilicalesPara-umbilical veinsBUROW, Karl August von
Bühler anastomotic arteryAnastomosis of the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk in vertical orientationBÜHLER, Anton
Cajal bodyCorpusculum convolutumCoiled bodyCAJAL, Santiago Ramón y
Cajal's interstitial nucleusNucleus interstitialisInterstitial nucleus of vestibular nerveCAJAL, Santiago Ramón y
Cajal-Retzius cellNeuron horizontaleHorizontal neuron of axodendritic cellCAJAL, Santiago Ramón y
Cajal-Retzius cellNeuron horizontaleHorizontal neuron of axodendritic cellRETZIUS, Magnus Gustav
Call-Exner bodyCorpusculum intercellulare (granulosae)Eosinophilic fluid-filled spaces between granulosa cellsCALL, Emma Louise
Call-Exner bodyCorpusculum intercellulare (granulosae)Eosinophilic fluid-filled spaces between granulosa cellsEXNER, Sigmund
Calot's triangleTrigonum cystohepaticum (peritonei)Cystohepatic triangleCALOT, Jean François
Campbell's ligamentLigamentum suspensorium axillaeSuspensory ligament of axillaCAMPBELL, William Francis
Camper's chiasmaChiasma tendinumTendinous chiasmCAMPER, Petrus
Camper's fasciaStratum adiposum superficialisFatty layer of abdominal subcutaneous tissueCAMPER, Petrus
canal of HaversCanalis centralis osteoniOsteonic canalHAVERS, Clopton
canal of HensenDuctus reuniensDuctus reuniensHENSEN, Viktor
Canal of HyrtlForamen sphenotemporaleSphenotemporal foramenHYRTL, Joseph
Canal of PetitSpatia zonularia (lentis)Zonular spacesPETIT, Francois Pourfour du
Canals of HeringDuctus biliferi interlobularesInterlobular bile ductsHERING, Karl E.K.
Carabelli formationTuberculum anomaleanomalous tubercleCARABELLI, Georg
Cartilage of MorgagniCartilago cuneiformisCuneiform cartilageMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Cartilage of WrisbergCartilago cuneiformisCuneiform cartilageWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Casserio ligamentLigamentum mallei anteriusAnterior ligament of the malleusCASSERI, Giulio Cesare
Casserio's muscleMusculus coracobrachialisCoracobrachialis muscleCASSERI, Giulio Cesare
Casserio's nerveNervus musculocutaneusMusculocutaneous nerveCASSERI, Giulio Cesare
Cave of RetziusSpatium retropubicumRetropubic spaceRETZIUS, Anders
cell of KoganeiCellula congregata (stromae iridis)Clump cellKOGANEI, Yoshikiyo
Cell of LugaroNeuron fusiforme horizontale (corticis cerebelli)Fusiform horizontal cellLUGARO, Ernesto
Central caudal nucleus of TsuchidaNucleus caudalis centralisCentral caudal nucleus of somatomotor nucleiTSUCHIDA, Usabro
Centromedian nucleus of LuysNucleus centromedianusCentromedian nucleus of thalamusLUYS, Jules Bernard
Chassaignac tubercleTuberculum caroticumCarotid tubercle on the sixth cervical vertebraCHASSAIGNAC, Édouard
Chopart jointArticulatio tarsi transversaTransverse tarsal jointCHOPART, François
Chopart ligamentLigamentum bifurcatumBifurcate ligamentCHOPART, François
Circle of WillisCirculus arteriosus cerebriCerebral arterial circleWILLIS, Thomas
Cistern of PecquetCisterna chyliCisterna chyliPECQUET, Jean
Civinini processProcessus pterygospinosusPterygospinous processCIVININI, Filippo
Clara cellExocrinocytus bronchiolarisBronchiolar exocrine cellsCLARA, Max
Clarke's nucleusNucleus thoracicus posteriorPosterior thoracic nucleusCLARKE, Jacob August Lockhart
Claudius cellEpitheliocytus cuboideus sustenans externusCuboid external supporting cellCLAUDIUS, Friedrich Matthias
Clivus of BlumenbachClivusClivusBLUMENBACH, Johann Friedrich
Cloquet's canalCanalis hyaloideusHyaloid canalCLOQUET, Jules Germain
Cloquet's nodeNodus inguinalis profundus proximalisProximal deep inguinal nodeCLOQUET, Jules Germain
Cloquet's septumSeptum femoraleFemoral septumCLOQUET, Jules Germain
Cockett's veinsPerforator VeinsCOCKETT, Frank Bernard
Colles fasciaTunica darta scrotiDartos fascia of scrotumCOLLES, Abraham
Colles fasciaStratum membranosum telae subcutanei perineiMembranous layer of perineal subcutaneous tissueCOLLES, Abraham
Colles fasciaFascia superficialis penisSubcutaneous tissue of penisCOLLES, Abraham
Colles ligamentLigamentum inguinale reflexumReflected inguinal ligamentCOLLES, Abraham
Columns of MorgagniColumnae analesRectal columnsMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Comma tract of SchultzeFasciculus interfascicularis (funiculi posterioris)Interfascicular fasciculusSCHULTZE, Max
Commissure of ProbstDecussatio lemniscorum lateraliumDecussation of lateral lemniscusPROBST, Moriz
Concha SantoriniConcha suprema nasiHighest nasal conchaSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Cooper's fasciaFascia cremastericaCremasteric fasciaCOOPER, Astley Paston
Cooper's ligamentLigamentum pectineumPectineal ligamentCOOPER, Astley Paston
Cooper's ligamentsLigamenta suspensoria mammariaSuspensory ligaments of breastCOOPER, Astley Paston
Cowper glandGlandula bulbourethralisBulbourethral glandCOWPER, William
crescent of GiannuzziSemiluna serosaSerous demiluneGIANNUZZI, Giuseppe Oronzo
Criminal fold of MorgensternPlica splenomentalisSplenomental ligamentMORGENSTERN, Leon
Cruveilhier's nerveNervus vertebralisVertebral nerveCRUVEILHIER, Jean Cruveilhier
Cruveilhier's plexusPlexus cervicalis posteriorPosterior cervical plexusCRUVEILHIER, Jean Cruveilhier
Cruveilhier's plexusPlexus vertebralisVertebral plexusCRUVEILHIER, Jean Cruveilhier
Crypt of FuchsCrypta iridisCrypt of irisFUCHS, Ernst
Crypts of LieberkühnCryptae intestini crassiCrypts of large intestineLIEBERKUHN, Johann Nathaniel
Crypts of LieberkühnCryptae intestini tenuisCrypts of small intestineLIEBERKUHN, Johann Nathaniel
Curve of SpeeCurvatura occlusalisOcclusal curvature of the mandibular dentitionSPEE, Ferdinand Graf von
Darwin's tubercleTuberculum auriculareAuricular tubercleDARWIN, Charles Robert
David’s lyreCommissura hippocampiHippocampal commissureDAVID, King of Israel
Decussation of ForelDecussatio tegmentalis anteriorAnterior tegmental decussationFOREL, Auguste-Henri
Deiters cellEpitheliocytus phalangeus externusExternal phalangeal epithelial cell of cochlear ductDEITERS, Otto Friedrich Karl
Demilunes of HeidenhainSemiluna serosaSerous demiluneHEIDENHAIN, Rudolf Peter Heinrich
Denonvilliers fasciaFascia propria organiFascia of individual organDENONVILLIERS, Charles-Pierre
Denonvilliers fasciaFascia prostatoseminalisProstato-seminal fasciaDENONVILLIERS, Charles-Pierre
Denonvilliers fasciaFascia rectoprostaticaRectoprostatic fasciaDENONVILLIERS, Charles-Pierre
Denonvilliers fasciaFascia superior diaphragmatis pelvisSuperior fascia of pelvic diaphragmDENONVILLIERS, Charles-Pierre
Denonvilliers ligamentLigamentum laterale puboprostaticumLateral puboprostatic ligamentDENONVILLIERS, Charles-Pierre
Descemet membraneLamina limitans posterior corneaeBasement membrane of the corneal endotheliumDESCEMET, Jean
Dodd's veinsPerforator VeinsDODD, William Harold Alfred
Dorello's canalRamus canalis abducentisCavernous branch to abducens canalDORELLO, Primo
Duct of Cowper's glandDuctus glandulae bulbourethralisDuct of bulbo-urethral glandCOWPER, William
Duct of SantoriniDuctus pancreaticus accessoriusAccessory pancreatic ductSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
ducts of BelliniDuctus colligensPapillary ductsBELLINI, Lorenzo
Ducts of RivinusDuctus sublinguales minoresMinor sublingual ductRINVUS, Augustus Quirinus
Duverney's glandGlandula vestibularis majorGreater vestibular glandsDUVERNEY, Joseph Guichard
Ebner crescentSemiluna serosaSerous demiluneEBNER, Viktor Ritter von Rosenstein
Ebner glandGlandula gustatoriusGustatory glandEBNER, Viktor Ritter von Rosenstein
Edinger's Comb SystemFibrae striatonigralesStriatonigral fibresEDINGER, Ludwig
Edinger's tractTractus spinothalamicus lateralisLateral spinothalamic tractEDINGER, Ludwig
Edinger-Westphal nucleusNucleus accessorius nervi oculomotoriiAccessory nucleus of oculomotor nucleusEDINGER, Ludwig
Edinger-Westphal nucleusNucleus accessorius nervi oculomotoriiAccessory nucleus of oculomotor nucleusWESTPHAL, Karl Friedrich Otto
Eustachian amygdalaTonsilla tubariaTubal tonsilEUSTACHI, Bartolomeo
Eustachian muscleTensor tympaniTensor tympaniEUSTACHI, Bartolomeo
Eustachian tubeTuba auditivaAuditory tubeEUSTACHI, Bartolomeo
Eustachian valveValvula venae cavae inferiorisValve of inferior vena cavaEUSTACHI, Bartolomeo
Exner's plexusSublamina intermediaIntermediate sublayer of cerebral cortexEXNER, Sigmund
Fallopian canalCanalis facialisFacial canalFALLOPPIO, Gabriele
Fallopian ligamentLigamentum inguinaleInguinal ligamentFALLOPPIO, Gabriele
Fallopian tubeTuba uterinaUterine tubeFALLOPPIO, Gabriele
Fascia of ZuckerkandlLamina posterior fasciae renalisPosterior layer of renal fasciaZUCKERKANDL, Emil
Fasciculus of SchützFasciculus longitudinalis posteriorPosterior longitudinal fasciculusSCHÜTZ, Hugo
Fañanás cellAstrocytus pennatus (cerebelli)Feathered astrocyteFAÑANÁS, Jorge Ramón
Ferrein's pyramidsRadii medullaresMedullary raysFERREIN, Antoine
fibers of Piccoloministriae medullares ventriculi quartiMedullary stria of fourth ventriclePICCOLOMINI, Archangelo
Fields of ForelNuclei campi perizonalisNuclei of perizonal fieldsFOREL, Auguste-Henri
Fissure of RolandoSulcus centralisCentral sulcusROLANDO, Luigi
Flack nodeNodus sinuatrialisSinoatrial nodeFLACK, Martin
Flood's ligamentLigamenta glenohumeraliaGlenohumeral ligamentsFLOOD, Valentine
Fold of DouglasPlica rectouterinaRecto-uterine foldDOUGLAS, James
Folian processProcessus anterior malleiAnterior process of malleusFOLLI, Cecilio
foramen of ArnoldCanaliculus innominatusForamen petrosumARNOLD, Friedrich
foramen of HuschkeForamen tympanicumTympanic foramenHUSCHKE, Emil
Foramen of LuschkaApertura lateralis ventriculi quartiLateral aperture of the fourth ventricleLUSCHKA, Hubert
Foramen of MagendieApertura mediana ventriculi quartiMedian aperture of fourth ventricleMAGENDIE, François
Foramen of MonroForamen interventriculareInterventricular foramenMONRO, Alexander (II)
Foramen of MorgagniForamen caecum linguaeForamen caecum of tongueMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Foramen of VesaliusForamen venosumSphenoidal emissary foramenVESALIUS, Andreas
Foramen of WinslowForamen epiploicumEpilploic foramenWINSLOW, Jacob Benignus
Foramina of MorgagniSternocostalis triangulorumSternocostal trianglesMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Fossa of MorgagniFossa navicularis urethraeNavicular fossaMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Fossa of RosenmüllerRecessus pharyngeusPharyngeal recessROSENMULLER, Johann Christian
Fossa of TariniFossa interpeduncularisInterpeduncular fossaTARIN, Pierre
Frankenhäuser ganglionPlexus uterovaginalisUterovaginal plexusFRANKENHÄUSER, Ferdinand
Frontosylvian veinsVenae frontalesFrontal veinsSYLVIUS, Franciscus
G-spotErogenous zone of the vaginaGRÄFENBERG, Ernst
Gallaudet's fasciaFascia investiens superficialisSuperficial investing fascia of perineumGALLAUDET, Bern Budd
ganglion of AnderschGanglion inferius nervi glossopharyngeiInferior ganglion of glossopharyngeal nerveANDERSCH, Carl Samuel
Ganglion of CortiGanglion cochleareCochlear ganglionCORTI, Alfonso
Ganglion of EhrenritterGanglion superius nervi glossopharyngeiSuperior ganglion of glossopharyngeal nerveEHRENRITTER, Johann
Ganglion of von GuddenNucleus interpeduncularisInterpeduncular nucleusGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
Ganglion of WrisbergGanglia cardiacaCardiac gangliaWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Ganser's commissureCommissura supraoptica dorsalisDorsal supra-optic commissureGANSER, Sigbert Josef Maria
Gantzer muscleCaput accessorius m. flexoris pollicis longianomalous head of the flexor pollicis longusGANTZER, Karl Friedrich Ludwig
Gartner's ductDuctus longitudinalis epoophoriLongitudinal duct of epoophoronGARTNER, Hermann Treschow
Gasserian ganglionGanglion trigeminaleTrigeminal ganglionGASSER, Johann Lorenz
Gerdy's ligamentLigamentum suspensorium axillaeSuspensory ligament of axillaGERDY, Pierre Nicolas
Gerdy's tubercleTuberculum tractus iliotibialisTubercle of iliotibial tractGERDY, Pierre Nicolas
Gerlach's tonsilTonsilla tubariaTubal tonsilGERLACH, Joseph von
Gerota fasciaFascia renalisAnterior renal fasciaGEROTA, Dimitrie
Gimbernat's ligamentLigamentum lacunareLacunar ligamentGIMBERNAT, Don Manuel Louise Antonio de
Gland of LuschkaGlomus coccygeum, Corpus coccygeum, Coccygeal glomusCoccygeal bodyLUSCHKA, Hubert
Gland of NuhnGlandulae lingualesLingual glandNUHN, Anton
Gland of RivinusGlandula sublingualisSublingual glandRINVUS, Augustus Quirinus
Glandele lui SkeneGlandulae vestibulares minoresLesser vestibular glandsSKENE, Alexander
Glands of KrauseGlandulae lacrimales accessoriaeAccessory lacrimal glandsKRAUSE, Wilhelm
Glands of LittréGlandulae urethrales femininaeUrethral glands of female urethraLITTRE, Alexis
Glands of LittréGlandulae urethrales masculinaeUrethral glands of male urethraLITTRE, Alexis
Glands of MeryGlandula bulbourethralisBulbourethral glandMERY, Jean
Glands of MorgagniGlandulae paraurethralesParaurethral glandsMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Glands of WolfringGlandulae lacrimales accessoriaeAccessory lacrimal glandsWOLFRING, Emilij Franzevic von
Glands of ZeisGlandulae sebaceae ciliaris palpebraeCiliary sebaceous glandsZEIS, Eduard
Glaserian fissureFissura petrotympanicaPetrotympanic fissureGLASER, Johann Heinrich
Glisson's capsuleTunica fibrosa hepatisFibrous capsule of liverGLISSON, Francis
Glisson's capsuleCapsula fibrosa perivascularisPerivascular fibrous capsuleGLISSON, Francis
Golgi apparatusComplexus golgiensisGolgi apparatusGOLGI, Camillo
Golgi cell axonAxon neuri golgiensisGolgi cell axonGOLGI, Camillo
Golgi tendon organOrganum sensorium tendinisTendon organGOLGI, Camillo
Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscleCorpusculum ovoideumTactile corpusculeGOLGI, Camillo
Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscleCorpusculum ovoideumTactile corpusculeMAZZONI, Vittorio
Golgi-type I neuronNeuron multipolare longiaxonicumInterneuron with long axonGOLGI, Camillo
Golgi-type II neuronNeuron multipolare breviaxonicumInterneuron with short axonGOLGI, Camillo
Goll's nucleusNucleus gracilisGracile nucleusGOLL, Friedrich
Goll's tractFasciculus gracilisGracile fasciculusGOLL, Friedrich
Goormaghtigh cellsMesangiocytus extraglomerularisExtraglomerular mesangium cellsGOORMAGHTIGH, Norbert
Gowers tractTractus spinocerebellaris anteriorAnterior spinocerebellar tractGOWERS, William Richard
Graafian follicleFolliculi ovarici vesiculosiVesicular ovarian folliclesGRAAF, Reinier de
Gratiolet's radiationRadiatio opticaOptic radiationGRATIOLET, Louis Pierre
Gray type II synapseSynapsis asymmetricaAsymmetrical synapseGRAY, Edward George
Gray's type I synapseSynapsis symmetricaSymmetrical synapseGRAY, Edward George
Gruber's ligamentLigamentum sphenopetrosum superiusPetrosphenoidal ligamentGRUBER, Wenzel Leopold
Grynfeltt triangleTrigonum lumbale superiusSuperior lumbar triangleGRYNFELTT, Joseph Casimir
Guerin's valveValvula fossae navicularisValve of navicular fossaGUÉRIN, Alphonse
Guthrie's muscleSphincter externus urethrae femininaeFemale external urethral sphincterGUTHRIE, George James
Guthrie's muscleSphincter externus urethrae masculinaeMale external urethral sphincterGUTHRIE, George James
Guyon's canalCanalis ulnarisUlnar canalGUYON, Jean Casimir Félix
gyri of HeschlGyri temporales transversiTransverse temporal gyriHESCHL, Richard Ladislaus
gyrus of EckerGyrus occipitalis descendensDescending occipital gyrusECKER, Alexander
Haller cellsCellulae ossis ethmoideiinfraorbital ethmoidal air cellsHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's aberrant ductuleDuctulus aberrans inferiorInferior aberrant ductuleHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's archLigamentum arcuatum lateraleLateral arcuate ligamentHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's archLigamentum arcuatum medialeMedial arcuate ligamentHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's arteryArteria pancreatica dorsalisDorsal pancreatic arteryHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's circleCirculus vasculosus nervi opticiVascular circle of optic nerveHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller's tripusTruncus coeliacusCoeliac trunkHALLER, Albrecht von
Hallers reteRete testisRete testisHALLER, Albrecht von
Haller’s anastomosisArteria anastomotica intercolicaIntercolic anastomotic arteryHALLER, Albrecht von
Hannover's canalSpatia zonularia (lentis)Zonular spacesHANNOVER, Adolph
Harvey's ligamentLigamentum arteriosumLigamentum arteriosumHARVEY, William
Hasner's valvePlica lacrimalisLacrimal foldHASNER, Joseph Ritter von Artha
Hassall bodiesCorpusculum thymicumThymic corpuscles (bodies)HASSALL, Arthur Hill
Hassall-Virchow corpusclesCorpusculum thymicumThymic corpuscles (bodies)VIRCHOW, Rudolf Ludwig Karl
Haversian foldPlicae synovialesSynovial foldHAVERS, Clopton
Haversian systemOsteonOsteonHAVERS, Clopton
Henle layerStratum externum vaginae radicularisOutermost layer of inner root sheath of hair follicleHENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob
Henle's ligamentFalx inguinalisInguinal falxHENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob
Henle's ligamentTendo conjunctivusInguinal falxHENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob
Henle's loopAnsa nephroniNephron loopHENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob
Henle's spineSpina suprameatalisSuprameatal spineHENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob
Hensen cellEpitheliocytus columnaris sustenans externusColumnar external supporting cell of cochlear ductHENSEN, Viktor
Hering's nerveNervus sinus caroticiCarotid sinus nerveHERING, Heinrich Ewald
Herring bodyCorpusculum neurosecretorium (neurohypophysis)Neurosecretory bodyHERRING, Percy
Hesselbach's fasciaFascia cribrosaCribriform fasciaHESSELBACH, Franz Kasper
Hesselbach's ligamentLigamentum interfoveolareInterfoveolar ligamentHESSELBACH, Franz Kasper
Hesselbach's triangleTrigonum inguinale (peritonei)Inguinal triangleHESSELBACH, Franz Kasper
Hey's ligamentMargo falciformis hiatus sapheniFalciform margin of saphenous hiatusHEY, William
Hoffa's fat padCorpus adiposum infrapatellareInfrapatellar fat padHOFFA, Albert
Horner's musclePars profunda partis palpebralis musculi orbicularis obuliDeep palpebral part of orbicularis oculi muscleHORNER, William Edmonds
Hortega cellMicrogliocytusMicrogliaHORTEGA, Pío del Río
Houston's valvePlicae transversae rectiTransverse rectal foldsHOUSTON, John
Howell-Jolly bodyResiduum chromatiniMicronucleiHOWELL, William Henry
Howell-Jolly bodyResiduum chromatiniMicronucleiJOLLY, Justin Marie
Hunter canalCanalis adductoriusAdductor canalHUNTER, John
Hunter's ligamentLigamentum teres uteriRound ligament of uterusHUNTER, William
Hunter–Schreger bandsStria transversa obscuraDark transverse striationHUNTER, John
Huschke's cartilageCartilago vomeronasalisVomeronasal cartilageHUSCHKE, Emil
Huxley layerStratum internum vaginae radicularisMiddle layer of inner root sheath of hair follicleHUXLEY, Thomas Henry
Hydatid of MorgagniAppendix testisAppendix of testesMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Hydatid of MorgagniAppendices vesiculosaeVesicular appendicesMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
HymenHymen vaginaeHymenHYMENAIOS
Hymenal carunclesCarunculae hymenalesHymenal carunclesHYMENAIOS
Hyrtl's muscleIliopsoasIliopsoas muscleHYRTL, Joseph
Ingrassia processAla minorLesser wingINGRASSIA, Giovanni Filippo
Insula of ReilInsulaInsulaREIL, Johann Christian
Interstitial cells of CajalCellula enterica interstitialis stimulansEnteric interstitial cellCAJAL, Santiago Ramón y
IrisIrisIrisIRIS
Islets of LangerhansInsulae pancreaticaePancreatic isletsLANGERHANS, Paul
Ito cellCellula perisinusoidalis; Cellula accumulans adipemPerisinusoidal cellITO, Toshio
Jackson's membrane/veilFascia precaecocolicaPrecaecocolic fasciaJACKSON, Jabez North
Jacobson's canaliculusCanaliculus tympanicus inferiorInferior tympanic canaliculusJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's canaliculusCanaliculus tympanicus inferiorInferior tympanic canaliculusJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's cartilageCartilago vomeronasalisVomeronasal cartilageJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's cartilageCartilago vomeronasalisVomeronasal cartilageJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's nerveNervus tympanicusTympanic nerveJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's organOrganum vomeronasaleVomeronasal organJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Jacobson's plexusPlexus tympanicusTympanic plexusJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Kager's fat padPre-Achilles fat padKAGER, Hans
Kager's trianglePre-Achilles triangleKAGER, Hans
Kerckring valvesPlicae circularesCircular foldsKERCKRING, Theodor
Kiesselbach plexusArterial anastomosis on the inferior part of the nasal septumKIESSELBACH, Wilhelm
Kiesselbach's areaAnterior inferior part of the nasal septumKIESSELBACH, Wilhelm
Kobelt's tubulesParoophoronParoophoronKOBELT, Georg Ludwig
Koch's nodeNodus sinuatrialisSinoatrial nodeKOCH, Walter
Koch's triangleTrigonum nodi atrioventricularisTriangle of atrioventricular nodeKOCH, Walter
Kohlrausch's foldPlica transversa rectiTranverse rectal foldsKOHLRAUSCH, Otto
Kohnstamm's nucleusNucleus salivatorius superiorSuperior salivatory nucleusKOHNSTAMM, Oskar
Kolmer cellCellula epiplexalis (plexus choroidei)Epiplexus cellKOLMER, Walter
Koyter's muscleCorrugator superciliiCorrugator superciliiKOYTER, Volcher
Kulchitsky cellNeuroendocrinocytus respiratoriusEnterochromaffin cellsKULCHITSKY, Nikolai
Kupffer cellMacrophagocytus stellatusStellate macrophageKUPFFER, Karl Wilhelm von
Kölliker-Fuse nucleusNuclei parabrachialisParabrachial nucleiFUSE, Gennosuke
Kölliker-Fuse nucleusNuclei parabrachialisParabrachial nucleiKÖLLIKER, Rudolf Albert von
Labbé's veinVena anastomotica inferiorInferior anastomotic veinLABBÉ, Charles
Lacunae of MorgagniLacunae urethrales masculinaeUrethral lacunae of male urethraMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Laimer's areaExposed circular muscle in posterior upper oesophagusLAIMER, Eduard
Lallouette's pyramidLobus pyramidalisPyramidal lobeLALOUETTE, Pierre
Langer's linesLineae distractionis (cutis)Cleavage linesLANGER, Karl Ritter von Edenberg
Langerhans cellsDendrocytus (epidermis)Dendritic skin cellsLANGERHANS, Paul
Langhans cellCellula trophoblasticaCytotrophoblastic cellLANGHANS, Theodor
Langhans fibrinoidSubstantia fibrinoideaFibrinoid substanceLANGHANS, Theodor
Large Golgi cellNeuron golgiense magnumLarge Golgi cellGOLGI, Camillo
Larrey's triangleTrigonum sternocostaleSternocostal triangleLARREY, Jean Dominique de
Latarjet anterior nerveNervus anterior curvaturae minorisAnterior nerve of lesser curvatureLATARJET, André
Latarjet's posterior nerveNervus posterior curvaturae minorisPosterior nerve of lesser curvatureLATARJET, André
layer of LanghansLamina cytotrophoblasticaCytotrophoblast layerLANGHANS, Theodor
Lecomte pronator of ulnaMusculus articularis cubitiArticularis cubiti muscleLECOMTE, Onésime
Leeuwenhoek's canalCanalis centralis osteoniOsteonic canalLEEUWENHOEK, Antony van
Lenhossek's processProcessus reticularisReticular processLENHOSSÉK, Joseph von
Leonardo's cordTrabecula septomarginalisSeptomarginal trabeculada VINCI, Leonardo
Lesshaft's triangleTrigonum lumbale superiusSuperior lumbar triangeLEESHAFT, Pjotr F.
Leydig cellsEndocrinocytus interstitialis (testis)Interstitial endocrine cell (of testis)LEYDIG, Franz von
Lieutaud's trigoneTrigonum vesicaeTrigone of bladderLIEUTAUD, Joseph
Ligament of BarkowLigamentum pisohamatumPisohamate ligamentBARKOW, Hans
Ligament of BertinLigamentum iliofemoraleIliofemoral ligamentBERTIN, Exupère Joseph
Ligament of BrodieLigamentum transversum humeriTransverse humeral ligamentBRODIE, Benjamin Collins
Ligament of HumphryLigamentum meniscofemorale anteriusAnterior meniscofemoral ligamentHUMPHRY, George Murray
Ligament of KrauseLigamentum costotransversariumLateral costotransverse ligamentKRAUSE, Wilhelm
Ligament of KrauseLigamentum transversum perineiTransverse perineal ligamentKRAUSE, Wilhelm
Ligament of MacalisterLabrum glenoidaleGlenoid labrumMACALISTER, Alexander
Ligament of ParksMusculus submucosae aniMuscular fibroplastic tissue located around the glands of the anusPARKS, Sir Alan Guyatt
Ligament of PetitLigamentum rectouterinumUterosacral ligamentPETIT, Jean Louis
Ligament of RobertLigamentum meniscofemorale posteriusPosterior meniscofemoral ligamentROBERT, César Alphonse
Ligament of Treitzligament suspensorium duodeniSuspensory ligament of the duodenumTREITZ, Wenzel
Ligament of WeberLigamentum transversum genusTransverse ligament of kneeWEBER, Ernst Heinrich
Ligament of WinslowLigamentum transversum perineiTransverse perineal ligamentWINSLOW, Jacob Benignus
Ligament of WrisbergLigamentum meniscofemorale posteriusPosterior meniscofemoral ligamentWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Ligamenta ValsalvaeLigamenta auriculariaLigaments of auricleVALSALVA, Antonio Maria
Limbus VieussensiLimbus fossae ovalisLimbus fossae ovalisde VIEUSSENS, Raymond
Lisfranc jointArticulationes tarsometatarsalesTarsometatarsal jointsLISFRANC, Jacques
Lisfranc ligamentLigamentum cuneometatarsalium interosseum [medialis]Cuneometatarsal interosseous ligamentsLISFRANC, Jacques
Lisfranc tubercleTuberculum musculi scaleni anterioris costae primaeScalene tubercleLISFRANC, Jacques
Lissauer's tractFasciculus posterolateralisPosterolateral tractLISSAUER, Heinrich
Lister's tubercleTuberculum dorsale radiiDorsal tubercle of radiusLISTER, Joseph
Little's areaAnterior inferior part of the nasal septumLITTLE, James Lawrence
Lobulus ansiformis of BolkLobuli semilunaresSeminlunar lobules of posterior part of cerebellar hemisphereBOLK, Lodewijk
Lockwood's ligamentLigamentum suspensorium bulbi oculiSuspensory ligament of eyeballLOCKWOOD, Charles Barrett
Lower's tuberclePlica interatrialis venae cavae inferiorisInteratrial fold of inferior vena cavaLOWER, Richard
Luschka's jointUncovertebral iuncturamUncovertebral jointLUSCHKA, Hubert
Macewen's triangleFoveola suprameatalisSuprameatal foveaMACEWEN, William
Mackenrodt's ligamentLigamentum cardinale uteriCardinal ligamentMACKENRODT, Alwin
Malassez epithelial restFragmentum epitheliale (periodontii)Human odontogenic epithelial cellsMALASSEZ, Louis Charles
Malphigian pyramidPyramis renalisRenal pyramidMALPIGHI, Marcello
Malphigian vesselsSanguis vasorum capillariumCapillariesMALPHIGI, Marcello
Malpighian canalDuctus longitudinalisLongitudinal ductMALPIGHI, Marcello
Malpighian capsuleCapsula splenisFibrous capsule of spleenMALPIGHI, Marcello
Malpighian corpusclesPulpa splenisSplenic pulpMALPIGHI, Marcello
Marburg's nucleusNucleus prepositusPrepositus nucleusMARBURG, Otto
Marginal artery of DrummondArteria marginalis coliMarginal arteryDRUMMOND, David
marginal tract of SpitzkaFasciculus posterolateralisPosterolateral tractSPITZKA, Edward Charles
Marshall's veinVena obliqua atrii sinistriOblique vein of left atriumMARSHALL, John
Martin-Gruber AnastomosisRamus communicans ulnarisMedian-ulnar anastomosisGRUBER, Wenzel Leopold
Martin-Gruber AnastomosisRamus communicans ulnarisMedian-ulnar anastomosisMARTIN, Roland
Martinotti's cellNeuron multiplumosumMultitufted isocortical neuronMARTINOTTI, Carlo
Master Knot of HenryChiasma plantareChiasma plantareHENRY, Arnold Kirkpatrick
Mauchart ligamentsLigamenta alariaAlar ligamentsMAUCHART, Burkhard David
Mayo's veinVena prepyloricaPrepyloric veinMAYO, William James
Meckel's caveCavum trigeminaleTrigeminal cavityMECKEL, Johann Friedrich
Meckel's diverticulumDiverticulum ileiIleal diverticulumMECKEL, Johann Friedrich Jr
Meckel's ganglionGanglion pterygopalatinumPterygopalatine ganglionMECKEL, Johann Friedrich
Meckel's grooveImpressio trigeminalisTrigeminal impressionMECKEL, Johann Friedrich
Meibomian glandsGlandulae tarsalesTarsal glandsMEIBOM, Heinrich
Meissne's corpuscleCorpusculum ovoideumTactile corpusculeMEISSNER, Georg
Meissner's plexusPlexus submucosusSubmucosal plexusMEISSNER, Georg
Mercier's barPlica interuretericaInterureteric crestMERCIER, Louis Auguste
Merkel cellEpitheliocytus tactilisTactile epithelial cellMERKEL, Friedrich Sigmund
Merkel cell-neurite complexComplexus epithelialis tactusEpithelial tactile complexMERKEL, Friedrich Sigmund
Merkel's tactile discMeniscus tactilisTactile meniscusMERKEL, Friedrich Sigmund
Meynert's commissureCommissura supraoptica dorsalisDorsal supraoptic commissureMEYNERT, Theodor Hermann
Meynert's decussationDecussatio tegmentalis posteriorPosterior tegmental decussationMEYNERT, Theodor Hermann
Meynert's notchIncisura preoccipitalisPre-occipital notchMEYNERT, Theodor Herman
Meynert's nucleusNucleus basalisNucleus basalisMEYNERT, Theodor Hermann
Meynert's retroflex bundleTractus habenulointerpeduncularisHabenulo-interpeduncular tractMEYNERT, Theodor Hermann
Michel's arteriesArteriae retroduodenalesRetroduodenal arteriesMICHEL, Gaston
Mohrenheim's fossaFossa infraclavicularisInfraclavicular fossaMOHRENHEIM, Joseph Jacob Freiherr
Mohrenheim's triangleTrigonum deltopectoraleDeltopectoral triangleMOHRENHEIM, Joseph Jacob Freiherr
Moll's glandsGlandulae cillaresCiliary glandsMOLL, Jacob Antonius
Mons pubisMons pubis, mons venerisMons pubisVENUS
Montgomery glandGlandula areolarisAreolar glandsMONTGOMERY, William Fetherstone
Montgomery's tuberclesTubercula areolae mammaeAreolar tuberclesMONTGOMERY, William Fetherstone
Morand's foramenForamen caecum linguaeForamen caecum of tongueMORAND, Sauveur François
Morison's pouchRecessus hepatorenalisHepatorenal recessMORISON, James Rutherford
Mouth of KillianConstrictio pharyngooesophageaPharyngo-oesophageal constrictionKILLIAN, Gustav
Muscle of AebyMusculus depressor labii inferiorisDepressor labii inferioris muscleAEBY, Christoph Theodor
Muscle of LancisiMusculus papillaris septalis ventriculi dextriSeptal papillary muscle of right ventricleLANCISI, Giovanni Maria
Muscle of RiolanFasciculus ciliaris musculi orbicularis oculiCiliary bundle of orbicularis oculiRIOLAN, Jean II
Muscle of RiolanMusculus cremasterCremaster muscleRIOLAN, Jean II
Muscle of TreitzMusculus suspensorius duodeniSuspensory muscle of duodenumTREITZ, Wenzel
Muscle of WilsonMusculus sphincter urethrae externusExternal urethral sphincter muscleWILSON, Samuel Alexander Kinnier
Müller muscleFibrae circulares musculi ciliarisCircular fibersMÜLLER, Heinrich
Müller radial cellGliocytus radialisRadial glial cellMÜLLER, Heinrich
Müller's muscleMusculus orbitalisOrbitalis muscleMÜLLER, Heinrich
Müller's muscleMusculus tarsalis superiorSuperior tarsal muscleMÜLLER, Heinrich
Müllerian ductDuctus paramesonephricusParamesonephric ductMULLER, Johannes Peter
Nabothian cystGlandula cervicalis dilatataMucous retention cyst of the cervixNABOTH, Martin
Nasmyth's membraneCuticula dentisPrimary enamel cuticleNASMYTH, Alexander
Nerve of ArnoldRamus tentorius nervi ophthalmiciTentorial branch of ophthalmic nerveARNOLD, Friedrich
Nerve of ArnoldNervus tympanicusTympanic nerveARNOLD, Friedrich
Nerve of JacobsonNervus tympanicusTympanic nerveJACOBSON, Ludwig Levin
Nerve of KuntzRamus communicans nervi lumbales primum et secundumIntrathoracic ramus of the first intercostal spaceKUNTZ, Albert
Nerve of WrisbergNervus cutaneus brachii medialisMedial brachial cutaneous nerveWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Nerve of WrisbergNervus intermedius nervi facialisSensory root of facial nerveWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Neumann sheathDentinum peritubulareDentinum peritubulareNEUMANN, Franz Ernst Christian
Nitabuch membraneStria fibrinoidea internaInternal fibrinoid layer of the placentaNITABUCH, Raissa
Node of Keith-FlackNodus sinuatrialisSinoatrial nodeKEITH, Arthur
Node of RosenmüllerNodus inguinalis profundus proximalisProximal deep inguinal nodeROSENMULLER, Johann Christian
Nodes of RouvièreNodi retropharyngeiRetropharyngeal lymph nodesROUVIERE, Henri
Nodules of MorgagniNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae aortaeNodules of semilunar leaflets (cusps) of aortic valveMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Nodules of MorgagniNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae trunci pulmonalisNodules of semilunar leaflets of pulmonary valveMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Nodules of ValsalvaNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae aortaeNodules of semilunar leaflets (cusps) of aortic valveVALSALVA, Antonio Maria
Nodules of ValsalvaNoduli valvularum semilunarium valvae trunci pulmonalisNodules of semilunar leaflets of pulmonary valveVALSALVA, Antonio Maria
Nucleus of DarkschewitschNucleus ellipticusElliptic nucleusDARKSCHEWITSCH, Liverij Osipovich
nucleus of DeitersNucleus vestibularis lateralislateral vestibular nucleusDEITERS, Otto Friedrich Karl
Nucleus of LuysNucleus subthalamicusSubthalamic nucleusLUYS, Jules Bernard
Nucleus of StaderiniNucleus subhypoglossalisIntercalated nucleusSTADERINI, Rutilio
Nucleus of Stilling-ClarkeNucleus thoracicus posteriorPosterior thoracic nucleusSTILLING, Benedict
Nuel spaceCuniculus intermediusPilar-hair cell spaceNUEL, Jean-Pierre
Odland bodyGranulum lamellosum (keratinocyti)Lamellar bodiesODLAND, George F.
olfactory islets of CallejaInsulae olfactoriaeOlfactory IsletsCALLEJA y Sanchez, Julián
Onuf's nucleusNucleus nervi pudendiNucleus of pudendal nerveONUFROWICZ, Wladislaus
organ of ChievitzOrganum juxtaoraleJuxta-oral organCHIEVITZ, Johan Henrik
organ of CortiOrganum spiraleSpiral organCORTI, Alfonso
Organ of GiraldèsParadidymisParadidymisGIRALDES, Joaquim
Organ of RosenmüllerEpoophoronEpoophoronROSENMULLER, Johann Christian
Os vesalianumOs vesalianumAccessory ossicle of the footVESALIUS, Andreas
Oval Bundle of FlechsigFasciculus proprius anteriorAnterior fasciculus propriusFLECHSIG, Paul Emil
Pacchionian foramenForamen diaphragmatis sellaeForamen of diaphragma sellaePACCHIONI, Antoine
Pacchionian granulationsGranulationes arachnoideaeArachnoid granulationsPACCHIONI, Antoine
Pacinian corpusclecorpusculum PacinianLamellar corpusclePACINI, Filippo
Paneth cellsCellula panethensisPaneth cellsPANETH, Joseph
Papez circuitCircuit et papežMedial limbic circuitPAPEZ, James Wenceslas
Paraolfactory area of BrocaArea subcallosaSubcallosal areaBROCA, Pierre Paul
passage of GratioletArcus parietooccipitalisParietooccipital arcGRATIOLET, Louis Pierre
Passavant's ridgeCrista palatopharyngeaPalatopharyngeal ridgePASSAVANT, Phillip Gustav
Pavlov's nerveNervus cardiacus cervicalis inferiorInferior cervical cardiac nervePAVLOV, Ivan
Pencil bundles of WilsonFibrae striatopallidalesStriatopallidal fibersWILSON, Samuel Alexander Kinnier
Perlia nucleusNucleus (caudalis) centralis (nuclei nervi oculomotorii)Interoculomotor nucleusPERLIA, Richard
Peyer's patchesNoduli lymphoidei aggregati (intestini tenuis)Aggregated lymphoid nodules of appendixPEYER, Johan Conrad
Pick bundleFibrae corticobulbaresCorticonuclear fibres recurring rostralward from the pyramidal tract in the medulla oblongataPICK, Arnold
Pirogov aponeurosisAponeurosis bicipitalisBicipital aponeurosisPIROGOV, Nikolay Ivanovich
pons VaroliiPonsPonsVAROLIO, Costanzo
Pouch of DouglasExcavatio rectouterinaRecto-uterine pouchDOUGLAS, James
Poupart ligamentLigamentum inguinaleInguinal ligamentPOUPART, François
Preurethral ligament of WaldeyerLigamentum transversum perineiTransverse perineal ligamentWALDEYER, Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried
Prussak's spaceRecessus superiorSuperior recess of the middle earPRUSSAK, Alexander
Purkinje cellNeuron purkinjensePurkinje cellPURKINJE, Johannes Evangelista
Purkinje cell layerStratum purkinjensePurkinje cell layerPURKINJE, Johannes Evangelista
Purkinje fiberMyofibra conducens purkinjiensisSubendocardiac conductive networkPURKINJE, Johannes Evangelista
Purkinje fibresReticulum conducens subendocardiacumSubendocardiac conductive networkPURKINJE, Johannes Evangelista
Ranvier's nodeNodus interruptionis myeliniMyelin sheath gapRANVIER, Louis Antoine
Raschkow plexusNerve plexus of dental pulpRASCHKOW, Isacus
Rathke pouchSaccus adenohypophysialisAdenohypophysial pouchRATHKE, Martin Heinrich
Rau processProcessus anterior malleiAnterior process of malleusRAU, Johannes Jakobus
recurrent artery of HeubnerArteria striata medialis distalismedial striate arteryHEUBNER, Otto
Recurrent nerve of LuschkaRamus meningeus nervi spinalisMeningeal branch of spinal nerveLUSCHKA, Hubert
Reichert cartilageCartilago arcus pharyngei primiSecond pharyngeal arch cartilageREICHERT, Karl Bogislaus
Reissner's canalDuctus cochlearisCochlear ductREISSNER, Ernst
Reissner's membraneMembrana vestibularisVestibular membrane of the cochleaREISSNER, Ernst
Remak's ganglionNerve ganglion in the coronary sinus at its entry into the right atriumREMAK, Robert
Remak's plexusPlexus submucosusSubmucosal plexusREMAK, Robert
Renshaw cellInterneuron inhibitorium recurrens laminae spinalis VIIRecurrent inhibitory interneuron of spinal lamina VIIRENSHAW, Birdsey
Respiratory bundle of GierkeTractus solitariusSollitary tractGIERKE, Hans Paul Bernhard
Rexed's laminaeLaminae spinales ISpinal laminaeREXED, Bror Anders
Rindfleisch foldCrista aortae ascendentisAscending aortic foldRINDFLEISCH, Georg Eduard von
Rivinus membraneMembrana tympanicaTympanic membraneRINVUS, Augustus Quirinus
Rivinus notchIncisura tympanicaTympanic notchRINVUS, Augustus Quirinus
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinusCrypta mucosaeGallbladder pseudodiverticulaASCHOFF, Carl Albert Ludwig
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinusCrypta mucosaeGallbladder pseudodiverticulaROKITANSKY, Karl
Rolandic arteryArteria sulci centralisArtery of central sulcusROLANDO, Luigi
Roller's nucleusNucleus subhypoglossalisSubhypoglossal nucleusROLLER, Christian Friedrich Wilhelm
Rosenthal veinVena basalisBasal veinROSENTHAL, Friedrich Christian
Rotter lymph nodesNodi interpectoralesInterpectoral nodesROTTER, Josef
Rouget's muscleFibrae radiales musculi ciliarisRadial fibres of the Ciliary muscleROUGET, Charles Marie Benjamin
Ruffini corpuscleCorpusculum sensorium fusiformeBulbous corpuscleRUFFINI, Angelo
Ruysch veinsVenae vorticosaeVorticose veinsRUYSCH, Frederik
Santorini's cartilageCartilago corniculataCorniculate cartilageSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Santorini's carunclePapilla duodeni minorMinor duodenal papillaSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Santorini's muscleMusculus incisurae terminalis auris externaeMuscle of terminal notchSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Santorini's muscleMusculus procerusProcerus muscleSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Santorini's muscleMusculus risoriusRisorius muscleSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Santorini's notchIncisura cartilaginis meatus acustici externiNotch in cartilage of external acoustic meatusSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Sattler's layerLamina vaculosaVascular layer of choroidSATTLER, Hubert
Scarpa's fasciaStratum membranosum telae subcutanei abdominisMembranous layer of abdominal subcutaneous tissueSCARPA, Antonio
Scarpa's fluidEndolymphaEndolymphSCARPA, Antonio
Scarpa's ganglionGanglion vestibulareVestibular ganglionSCARPA, Antonio
Scarpa's nerveNervus nasopalatinusNasopalatine nerveSCARPA, Antonio
Scarpa's orificeHelicotremaHelicotremaSCARPA, Antonio
Scarpa's triangleTrigonum femoraleFemoral triangleSCARPA, Antonio
Schabadasch plexusPlexus nervosus submucosus externusOuter submucosal enteric plexusSCHABADASCH, Arnold Leonowitsch
Schaffer collateralCollaterales axonales (stratum moleculare)Axon projection from CA3 to CA1 neurons in hippocampusSCHAFFER, Károly
Schlemm's canalSinus venosus scleraeScleral venous sinusSCHLEMM, Friedrich
Schmidt-Lanterman incisureIncisura myeliniMyelin incisureLANTERMAN, A.J.
Schmidt-Lanterman incisureIncisura myeliniMyelin incisureSCHMIDT, Henry D.
Schneiderian membraneTunica maxillary sinus cavitatisMembranous lining of the maxillary sinus cavitySCHNEIDER, Konrad Viktor
Schreger-HunterStria transversa obscuraDark transverse striationSCHREGER, Christian Heinrich Theodor
Schwalbe's nucleusNucleus vestibularis medialisMedial vestibular nucleusSCHWALBE, Gustav Albert
Schwann cellSchwannocytusSchwann cellSCHWANN, Theodor
Schweigger-Seidel sheathVagina periarteriolaris macrophagocyticaSplenic ellipsoidSCHWEIGGER-SEIDEL, Franz
Semicircular line of DouglasLinea arcuataArcuate line of rectus sheathDOUGLAS, James
Sertoli cellSustentocytusEpithelial supporting cells of the seminiferous tubulesSERTOLI, Enrico
Sharpey fibresFasciculus collageni perforans (periostei)Fibrae perforantesSHARPEY, William
Shrapnell's membranePars flaccida membranae tympanicaePars flaccida of tympanic membraneSHRAPNELL, Henry Jones
Sibson's fasciaFascia scalenaScalene fasciaSIBSON, Francis
Sibson's fasciaMembrana suprapleuralisSuprapleural membraneSIBSON, Francis
Sibson's muscleMusculus scalenus minimusScalenus minimus muscleSIBSON, Francis
sinus of BreschetSinus sphenoparietalisSphenoparietal sinusBRESCHET, Gilbert
Sinus of MaierFornix sacci lacrimalisFornix of lacrimal sacMAIER, Rudolf
Sinus of ValsalvaSinus aortaeAortic sinusesVALSALVA, Antonio Maria
Sinuses of MorgagniSinus analesAnal sinusesMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Skene's ductsDuctus paraurethrales femininiPara-urethral ducts of female urethraSKENE, Alexander
Skene's ductsDuctus paraurethrales masculiniPara-urethral ducts of male urethraSKENE, Alexander
Skene's glandGlandulae paraurethrales femininaePara-urethral glands of female urethraSKENE, Alexander
Skene's glandGlandulae paraurethrales masculinaePara-urethral glands of male urethraSKENE, Alexander
Small Golgi cellNeuron golgiense parvumSmall Golgi cellGOLGI, Camillo
Soemmerring's substanceSubstantia nigraSubstantia nigraSOEMMERRING, Samuel Thomas
Space of BogrosSpatium retroinguinaleRetroinguinal spaceBOGROS, Annet Jean
Space of BurnsSpatium suprasternaleSuprasternal spaceBURNS, Allan
Space of DisseSpatium perisinusoideumPerisinusoidal spaceDISSE, Joseph
Space of MallSpatium periportalePeriportal spaceMALL, Franklin Paine
Space of ParonaPars profunda compartimenti anterioris antebrachiiDeep intermuscular space of forearmPARONA, Francesco
Spaces of FontanaSpatia anguli iridocornealisSpaces of iridocorneal angleFONTANA, Abbé Felice
sphincter of BoydenSphincter ductus biliarisSphincter of bile ductBOYDEN, Edward Allen
Sphincter of OddiSphincter ampullaeSphincter of ampullaODDI, Ruggero
Spiegelian lineLinea semilunarisSemilunar lineSPIEGEL, Adriaan van den
Spiegelian lobeLobus caudatus hepatisCaudate lobeSPIEGEL, Adriaan van den
Spiral valves of HeisterPlica spiralisSpiral mucosal fold of the cystic ductHEISTER, Lorenz
Spitzka nucleusNucleus (caudalis) centralis (nuclei nervi oculomotorii)Interoculomotor nucleusSPITZKA, Edward Charles
Stensen's canalCanales incisiviIncisive canalsSTENSEN, Niels
Stensen's ductDuctus parotideusParotid ductSTENSEN, Niels
Stensen's foramenForamina incisivaIncisive foraminaSTENSEN, Niels
Stilling's canalCanalis hyaloideusHyaloid canalSTILLING, Benedict
Stria of LancisiStria longitudinalis lateralislateral longitudinal stria, inner ring of limbic lobeLANCISI, Giovanni Maria
Stria of LancisiStria longitudinalis medialismedial longitudinal stria, inner ring of limbic lobeLANCISI, Giovanni Maria
Stripe of Kaes-BechterewSublamina superficialias 3a, Kaes-Bechterew-StreifenSuperficial sublayer 3a of cerebral cortexBEKHTEREV, Vladimir Michalovich von
Stripe of Kaes-BechterewSublamina superficialias 3a, Kaes-Bechterew-StreifenSuperficial sublayer 3a of cerebral cortexKAES, Theodor
Stroud pectenPecten analisAnal pectenSTROUD, Bert Brenette
Struther's ligamentFibrous band of the supratrochlear spur of the humerusSTRUTHERS, John
substance of ArnoldSubstantia reticularis albaWhite reticular substanceARNOLD, Friedrich
Substance of RolandoSubstantia gelatinosaSpinal lamina IIROLANDO, Luigi
Subthalamic nucleus of LuysNucleus subthalamicusSubthalamic nucleusLUYS, Jules Bernard
Sulcus of BrissaudSulcus parietalis transversusTransverse parietal sulcusBRISSAUD, Édouard
Sulcus of EberstallerSulcus diagonalisDiagonal sulcus of the inferior frontal gyrusEBERSTALLER, Oscar
Sulcus of EberstallerSulcus intermedius secundusSecond intermediate sulcusEBERSTALLER, Oscar
Sulcus of GratioletSulcus parietooccipitalisParieto-occipital sulcusGRATIOLET, Louis Pierre
Sulcus of JensenSulcus intermedius primus lobus parietalisFirst intermediate sulcus of parietal lobeJENSEN, Julius
Sulcus of MonroSulcus hypothalamicusHypothalamic sulcusMONRO, Alexander (II)
Sulcus of ReilSulcus circularis insulaeCircular sulcus of insulaREIL, Johann Christian
sulcus of WernickeSulcus frontomarginalisFrontomarginal sulcusWERNICKE, Karl
Sylvian arteryArteria cerebri mediaMiddle cerebral arterySYLVIUS, Franciscus
Sylvian fissure/sulcusSulcus lateralisLateral sulcus of cerebral hemisphereSYLVIUS, Franciscus
Tail of SpenceProcesses axillarisAxillary processSPENCE, James
Tawara nodeNodus atrioventricularisAtrioventricular (AV) nodeTAWARA, K. Sunao
Tegmental area of TsaiNuclei areae tegmentalis anteriorisVentral tegmental nucleiTSAI, Chiao
Tenon's capsuleVagina bulbiFascial sheath of eyeballTENON, Jaques René
Tenon's spaceLamina episcleralisEpiscleral layerTENON, Jaques René
Testut's arteryArteria pancreatica inferiorInferior pancreatic arteryTESTUT, Jean Léon
Thebesian valveValvula sinus coronariiValve of coronary sinusTHEBESIUS, Adam Christian
Thebesian veinsVenae cardiacae minimaeSmallest cardiac veinsTHEBESIUS, Adam Christian
Theile's canalSinus transversus pericardiiTransverse pericardial sinusTHEILE, Friedrich William
Theile's muscleMusculus transversus perinei superficialisSuperficial transverse perineal muscleTHEILE, Friedrich William
Tiedemann's glandGlandula vestibularis majorGreater vestibular glandsTIEDEMANN, Friedrich
Todaro's tendonTendo valvulae veae cavae inferiorisTendon of inferior pyramidal spaceTODARO, Francesco
Toldt's fasciaFascia renalisRenal fasciaTOLDT, Karl
Tomes processProcessus enameloblastiAmeloblast processTOMES, John
Tomes' granular layerStratum granulosum dentini radicisDentin layer adjacent to the cementumTOMES, John
Tonsil of LuschkaTonsilla pharyngeaPharyngeal tonsilLUSCHKA, Hubert
Torcular of HerophilusConfluens sinuumConfluence of sinusesHerophilus
Torin's holeHiatus canalis nervi petrosis majoris ossis temporalisHiatus for greater petrosal nerveTORIN, Benjamin
Tract of DejerineTractus spinothalamicus anteriorAnterior spinothalamic tractDEJERINE, Joseph Jules
Tract of FlechsigTractus spinocerebellaris posteriorPosterior spinocerebellar tractFLECHSIG, Paul Emil
Tract of HelwegTractus spinoolivarisSpino-olivary tractHELWEG, Hans Kristian Saxtroph
Tract of MarieFasciculus sulcomarginalis funiculi anteriorisSulcomarginal fasciculusMARIE, Pierre
Tract of TürckTractus corticospinalis anterior funiculi anteriorisAnterior corticospinal tractTÜRCK, Ludwig
Triangle of MorgagniTrigonum sternocostaleSternocostal triangleMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Triangle of PetitTrigonum lumbale inferiusInferior lumbar trianglePETIT, Jean Louis
Triangle of Philippe-GombaultFasciculus cornucommissuralisCornucommissural fasciculusPHILIPPE, Claudien
Triangle of Phillippe-GombaultFasciculus cornucommissuralisCornucommissural fasciculusGOMBAULT, François Alexis Albert
Troisier nodeEnlarged supraclavicular lymph nodeTROISIER, Charles Émile
Trolard's veinVena anastomotica superiorSuperior anastomotic veinTROLARD, Paulin
Tubercle of VaterPapilla major duodeniMajor duodenal papillaVATER, Abraham
Tubercle of WeberTuberculum minusLesser tubercle of humerusWEBER, Ernst Heinrich
Tubercle of WrsibergTuberculum cuneiformeCuneiform tubercleWRISBERG, Heinrich August
Tuberculum SantoriniTuberculum corniculatumCorniculate tubercleSANTORINI, Giovanni Domenico
Tunnel of CortiCuniculus internusInner tunnel of cochlear ductCORTI, Alfonso
Tyrrell's fasciaFascia propria organiFascia of individual organTYRRELL, Frederick
Tyrrell's fasciaFascia rectoprostaticarectoprostatic fasciaTYRRELL, Frederick
Tyson's glandsGlandulae preputialesPreputial glandsTYSON, Edward
Uncinate bundle of RussellFasciculus uncinatus cerebelliUncinate fasciculus of cerebellumRUSSELL, William
Valve of GerlachPlica appendicularisAppendicular foldGERLACH, Joseph von
Valve of VieussensVelum medullare superiusSuperior medullary velum of fourth ventriclede VIEUSSENS, Raymond
Valve of VieussensValve between coronary sinus and great cardiac veinde VIEUSSENS, Raymond
Van Gehuchten cellNeuron juxtaglomerulareSuperficial short axon cellsGEHUCHTEN, Arthur van
Vein of DandyVena petrosaPetrosal vein (of cerebellum)DANDY, Walter Edward
Vein of GalenVena magna cerebriGreat cerebral veinGALEN of Pergamon
Vein of KocherVena thyreoidea mediaMiddle thyroid veinKOCHER, Emil Theodor
Vein of RolandoVena centralisCentral veinROLANDO, Luigi
Veins of SappeyVenae paraumbilicalesPara-umbilical veinsSAPPEY, Marie Philibert Constant
venous ligament of ArantiusLigamentum venosumLigamentum venosumARANTIUS, Julius Caesar
Ventricle of MorgagniVentriculus laryngisLaryngeal ventricleMORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista
Ventricle of VergaVentriculus VergaeSixth ventricleVERGA, Andrea
Verheyen starsVenae stellataeStellate venulesVERHEYEN, Philipe
Vesalius ligamentLigamentum inguinaleInguinal ligamentVESALIUS, Andreas
Vicq d'Azur's bundleFasciculus mammillothalamicusMamillothalamic fasciculusVICQ d'AZUR, Felix
Vicq d'Azur's striaStria occipitalisOccipital stripeVICQ d'AZUR, Felix
Vidian arteryArteria canalis pterygoideiArtery of pterygoid canalVIDIUS, Vidus
Vidian canalCanalis pterygoideusPterygoid canalVIDIUS, Vidus
Vidian nerveNervus canalis pterygoideiNerve of pterygoid canalVIDIUS, Vidus
Vidian veinsVena canalis pterygoideiVein of pterygoid canalVIDIUS, Vidus
Virchow-Robin spacesPerivascular spacesROBIN, Charles-Philippe
Virchow-Robin spacesPerivascular spacesVIRCHOW, Rudolf Ludwig Karl
Volkmann canalCanalis transversusVascular canals in boneVOLKMANN, Alfred Wilhelm
Von Gudden's commissureCommissura supraoptica ventralisVentral supra-optic commissureGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
Von Gudden's ganglionNucleus interpeduncularisInterpeduncular nucleusGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
Von Gudden's tractFasciculus mammillotegmentalisMamillotegmental fasciculusGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
Von Gudden’s nucleusNucleus tegmentalis posteriorPosterior tegmental nucleusGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
Von Guden nucleusNucleus tegmentalis anteriorAnterior tegmental nucleusGUDDEN, Bernhard Aloys von
von Monakow's nucleusNucleus cuneatus accessoriusAccessory cuneate nucleusMONAKOW, Constantin von
von Monakow's tractTractus rubrospinalisRubrospinal tractMONAKOW, Constantin von
Waldeyer's fasciaFascia inferior diaphragmatis pelvisInferior fascia of pelvic diaphragmWALDEYER, Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried
Waldeyer's organParadidymisParadidymisWALDEYER, Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried
Waldeyer's ringAnulus lymphoideus pharyngisPharyngeal lymphoid ringWALDEYER, Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried
Walther's oblique ligamentLigamentum talofibulare posteriusPosterior talofibular ligamentWALTHER, Augustin Friedrich
Waterbed of HiltonCisterna pontocerebellarisPontocerebellar cisternHILTON, John
Weber glandGlandula radicis linguaeMinor salivary gland at the superior pole of the peritonsillar spaceWEBER, Moritz Ignaz
Weibel-Palade bodyCorpus multitubulare (endotheliocyti)Endothelial cell secretory organellesPALADE, George Emil
Weibel-Palade bodyCorpus multitubulare (endotheliocyti)Endothelial cell secretory organellesWEIBEL, Ewald R.
Wernekinck's decussationDecussation of superior cerebellar peduncleDecussation of superior cerebellar peduncleWERNEKINCK, Friedrich Christian Gregor
Wharton's ductDuctus submandibularisSubmandibular ductWHARTON, Thomas
Wharton's jellySubstantia gelatinea funiculi umbilicalisMucous connective tissue of the umbilical cord located between the amniotic epithelium and the umbilical vesselsWHARTON, Thomas
White line of HiltonLinea anocutaneaAnocutaneous lineHILTON, John
Whitnall's tubercleTuberculum marginale ossis zygomaticiMarginal tubercle of zygomatic boneWHITNALL, Samuel Ernest
Wilkie's arteryArteria supraduodenalisSupraduodenal arteryWILKIE, David Percival Dalbreck
Willis nerveNervus accessorius [XI]Accessory nerveWILLIS, Thomas
Winslow's ligamentLigamentum popliteum obliquumOblique popliteal ligamentWINSLOW, Jacob Benignus
Winslow's pancreasProcessus uncinatus pancreatisUncinate process of pancreasWINSLOW, Jacob Benignus
Wirsung's ductDuctus pancreaticusPancreatic ductWIRSUNG, Johann Georg Wolff
Wolffian ductDuctus mesonephricusMesonephric ductWOLFF, Kaspar Friedrich
Wood's muscleMusculus abductor metatarsi quintiAbductor of fifth metatarsalWOOD, John
Wormian boneOs suturaleSutural boneWORM, Ole
Zinn's arteryArteria centralis retinaeCentral retinal arteryZINN, Johann Gottfried
Zinn's zonuleZonula ciliarisCiliary zonuleZINN, Johann Gottfried
Zone of Obersteiner-RedlichZonae transitionis radicum nervorumTransitional zones of nerve rootsOBERSTEINER, Heinrich
Zone of Obersteiner-RedlichZonae transitionis radicum nervorumTransitional zones of nerve rootsREDLICH, Emil
Zuckerkandl tuberclePosterior thyroid tubercleZUCKERKANDL, Emil
Ónodi cellCellula sphenoethmoidalisSphenoethmoidal air cellÓNODI, Adolf
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